Clinical operates in the theories of finances and credit, according to the specification of the research subject, are characterized to be many-sided and many-leveled.The definition of totality of the economical relations shaped in the process of development, circulation and consumption of finances, as income options is commonly spread. For instance, in “the typical theory of finances” you will find two meanings of finances:
1) “…Finances reveal inexpensive relations, development of the resources of money options, along the way of distribution and redistribution of national receipts in line with the circulation and usage “.That description is given relatively to the problems of Capitalism, when cash-commodity relations obtain common figure;2) “Finances signify the formation of centralized advertising decentralized money places, inexpensive relations somewhat with the distribution and application, which function for fulfillment of their state features and obligations and also provision of the problems of the increased more generation “.This explanation is produced without showing the environmental surroundings of its action. We share partly such description of finances and think expedient to produce some specification. financing
First, finances over come the bounds of distribution and redistribution support of the national revenue, though it is a simple basis of finances. Also, development and utilization of the depreciation account which can be the section of financial domain, belongs not to the distribution and redistribution of the national revenue (of just shaped value within a year), but to the circulation of previously created value.
That newest first appears to be part of price of major industrial funds, later it is moved to the fee price of a ready solution (that would be to the value too) and following its conclusion, and it’s collection the depression fund. Its resource is taken into consideration before hand as a depression sort in the consistence of the prepared services and products cost price.Second, main goal of finances is significantly larger then “fulfillment of their state functions and obligations and provision of situations for the increased more creation “.Finances occur on the state level and also on the makes and branches’stage too, and such conditions, when the absolute most part of the manufactures aren’t state.
V. M. Rodionova has a various position about that topic: “real development of the financial sources begins on the stage of circulation, when the worth is recognized and concrete inexpensive types of the understood value are divided from the consistence of the revenue “.V. M. Rodionova makes an accent of finances, as circulating relations, when D. S. Moliakov underlines professional foundation of finances. Though both of these provide rather confirm discussion of finances, as a system of development, distribution and utilization of the funds of money options, that comes out from the following description of the finances: “financial money relations, which types along the way of distribution and redistribution of the partial price of the national wealth and total cultural item, is connected with the topics of the economy and development and application of their state income incomes and savings in the increased more creation, in the substance stimulation of the workers for pleasure of the culture social and different requests “.
In the books of the political economy we meet with the following explanations of finances:
“Finances of the socialistic state symbolize economical (cash) relations, with assistance from which, in the way of planned circulation of the incomes and savings the resources of income sourced elements of the state and socialistic produces are formed for guaranteeing the development of the creation, growing the product and ethnic degree of the folks and for satisfying different basic society needs “.
“The system of generation and utilization of necessary resources of cash methods for guarantying socialistic widened more generation signify exactly the finances of the socialistic society. And the totality of inexpensive relations arisen between state, manufactures and agencies, branches, parts and separate citizen based on the movement of cash funds make economic relations “.
As we have seen, definitions of finances made by financiers and political economists don’t vary greatly.
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